The rate of poverty is very high in the country and it was estimated that 44 percent of the people living in the country earned below … Do you think researchers and even journals should stop relying so much on the Impact Factor? Statista. Thirty years later, Garrod and other veterans traveled back to the site on the anniversary of the offensive as a way to find closure for what they saw that day. Throughout the 1980s, the cartel controlled much of the drug trafficking in Mexico and the corridors along the … Falsely accusing a group of academic researchers or journals of forming a citation cartel has a highly negative impact on their reputations in academia, and Fister et al. Subscribe for free to get unrestricted access to all our resources on research writing and academic publishing including: We hate spam too. The squadron was also awarded the Presidential Unit Citation. Mexico, country of southern North America and the third largest country in Latin America. Discuss. In the early hours of January 8, 2016, Mexican authorities apprehend the drug lord Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán. Les trafiquants de drogue mexicains n'ont pas de drapeau, ils ne font que tuer, tuer et tuer et ne savent pas où ils vont. Mexico has achieved record seizures of drugs, weapons, and currency since Calderon took office, and with the launch of the Merida initiative, Calderon has succeeded in recruiting support from the United States. You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link in the newsletter. Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo (born January 8, 1946), commonly referred to by his aliases El Jefe de Jefes ("The Boss of Bosses") and El Padrino ("The Godfather"), is a convicted Mexican drug lord.He was one of the founders of the Guadalajara Cartel in the 1970s. HSBC drew a line under its punishment for lapses in anti-money laundering controls on Monday, saying the U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) … Readers of academic research can choose to stop reading an article with suspicious citation practices, however, their impact on the formation of citation cartels will be minimal. The Cartel he was referring to is the Sinaloa Drug Cartel. Sub point/ The Juarez Cartel is fighting the Sinaloa Cartel for the rights to the Juarez pipeline. Advertisement The war on … Business Insider. Share Your Experiences With 2 Million+ Researchers! 6100 Main Street Baker Hall MS-40, Suite 120 Houston, TX 77005 Email: bipp@rice.edu Phone: 713-348-4683 Fax: 713-348-5993 These gangs aren’t just smuggling operations; they are diversified enterprises. O n February 12, Joaquin Guzman Loera, a.k.a. Now though since marijuana is more accessible the cartel has moved more into methamphetamine. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème mexicains, culture mexicaine, cancun au mexique. It controls Mexico through bribes and fear. Web.23 February. . Enago Academy also conducts workshops primarily for ESL authors, early-stage researchers, and graduate students. Fewer journals have been added to the list released in 2016, with a total increase of 18. It is a country with a rugged history, a rich culture, and an independent spirit separating it from other Central American and North American countries. Indeed, Thomas Reuters specifically uses the term “citation stacking” as opposed to “citation cartel,” to avoid issuing false accusations without certainty of intent. Business Insider. TOP 10 des citations cartels (de célébrités, de films ou d'internautes) et proverbes cartels classés par auteur, thématique, nationalité et par culture. You can go through the archives at Book of Mormon Central and find lots of examples, most of it in an effort to defend M2C. In academic publishing, citations make a body of work more widely known amongst other researchers and demonstrate that the work has relevance in the field. However, despite the fact that only a small percentage of journals and authors appear to take part in citation cartels, the improper use of citation damages an important means of indicating authority in different fields of academic research. On the other hand, academic journals must exercise great care in selecting their editors and must be sure to express a firm policy regarding appropriate citation practices. The cartel is one of the biggest drug manufactures in the world. Los Zetas was named after its first commander, Arturo Guzmán Decena, whose Federal Judicial Police radio code was \"Z1\", a code given to high-ranking officers. The Mexican Mafia (Spanish: Mafia Mexicana), also known as La eMe (Spanish for "the M"), is a highly organized Mexican American criminal organization in the United States. The variations of the economies are so extreme and poverty is such a challenge in Mexico that hundreds of thousands and possibly millions of people cross. . En tant que narco colombien, il a ouvertement critiqué les trafiquants de drogue mexicains. It was first used for political coalitions in Germany in the 19th century and later referred to trade deals. The Culture of New Spain: the Rise and Fall of Mexico The Gulf Cartel (Spanish: Cártel del Golfo, Golfos, or CDG) is a criminal syndicate and drug trafficking organization in Mexico, and perhaps one of the oldest organized crime groups in the country. The Sinaloa cartel is the oldest cartel currently operating in Mexico, and it controls significant chunks of that country, particularly on the Pacific coast. Council on Foreign Relations. In order to declare the existence of a citation cartel, the number of inter-citations given by authors A1 and A2 must be higher than the threshold value of 10. Transparency International. Artemi Cerdà has stepped down as the editor of both journals following. The Mexican Cartel Is A Ruthless Crime Origination 1182 Words | 5 Pages. 5) The border city of Tijuana has some of the highest murder statistics in all of Mexico. The economist Georg Franck wrote about the existence of these citation cartels almost two decades ago in his 1999 essay in Science Magazine titled, “Scientific Communication—a Vanity Fair?”, Thomas Reuters, the organization that determines and reports impact factors for academic journals in its annual publication, Journal Citation Report, has banned certain journals from its list for using “anomalous citation patterns.” In 2013, Thomas Reuters added 37 journals to its banned list, bringing the total to a record high of 66 journals (which remain banned for a period of two years). Claim: “At half a trillion dollars — $500 billion — that makes the cartel business and the drug traffic just in Mexico alone coming across to the United States bigger than Walmart." Copyright 2020  . (2019). In their recent paper, Fister, Fister, and Perc (2016) present an algorithm based on graph theory to help detect the existence of citation cartels. Concluding Remarks. The good, the bad and the ugly: the socioeconomic impact of drug cartels and their violence. The Mexican drug war (also known as the Mexican war on drugs; Spanish: Guerra contra el narcotráfico en México) is the Mexican theater of the global war on drugs, as led by the U.S. federal government, that has resulted in an ongoing asymmetric low-intensity conflict between the Mexican government and various drug trafficking syndicates.When the Mexican military began … 10. Will this help reduce citation manipulation? The cartel’s victory was a stunning humiliation for the Mexican government, which has struggled to quell growing violence across the country. Some scientific fields have a tendency to place more emphasis on the impact factor, and these fields are more at risk for the formation of citation cartels. Doing the math quickly that indicates that about 239 metric tons of cocaine arrive in the U.S. annually, according to the GAO figures.